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Étude comparative des services nationaux de données de recherche Facteurs de réussite

Abstract : This study is part of the work commissioned by the Committee for Open Science/Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation (COSO/MESRI) for the Institute of Research for Development (IRD) to assess the feasibility of a generic service for hosting and disseminating simple data. The objective of this work is to provide useful elements for thought by presenting a state of the art of different national data services. It focuses on seven service infrastructures which have been developed in different contexts but share a large number of common points, starting with offering access to a data service to all researchers on a national scale. Whether to facilitate access and sharing of scientific informations or to meet the requirements of funders, the national data services which are the subject of this study have developed around a core of common functionality: •a repository service, •a long term archiving service, •an assistance and support service for data management. Most of them have also chosen to offer a search and access service that relies either on an internal discovery tool or on a search engine that federates access to data from services external to those deposited in their repositories. The result of long-term projects, national data services are still rather recent initiatives, one of which is due to open its services in early 2021. Given the very dynamic context in which institutionals repositories projects are multiplying, the "long time" that characterizes the implementation of national services encourages operators to opt for flexible technical and organizational solutions, so as to be able to adapt to the evolution of usages and expectations. As early as the project stage consultation with key players representing the diversity of scientific ecosystems is essential to build a service offer which is as close as possible to the expectations of the target audience. Once the service is set up, this principle of co-construction takes precedence as well : determining role of partner institutions within advisory committees, calls for service projects, involvement of researchers to develop new tools (e.g. feedback from users, collection of needs, tests). In the same way, data services are part of national and international networks, which helps to define and strengthen their role. Most of these national infrastructures rely on structural funding provided by the Ministry of Research or a funding agency. By building on collaboration or federation, the objective of these national initiatives is also to reduce costs for all partners. These economies of scale, the ongoing evaluation of services, the interoperability of tools with existing ecosystems and the reliability of technical solutions are key points of attention for all of these initiatives, as they determine their sustainability.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 9, 2022 - 2:36:18 PM
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Hugo Catherine. Étude comparative des services nationaux de données de recherche Facteurs de réussite. [Rapport de recherche] Comité pour la science ouverte. 2021, 88 p. ⟨hal-03563136⟩



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