Interleukin-7, a new cytokine targeting the mouse hypothalamic arcuate nucleus: role in body weight and food intake regulation - Institut Pasteur de Lille Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2010

Interleukin-7, a new cytokine targeting the mouse hypothalamic arcuate nucleus: role in body weight and food intake regulation

Abstract

Body weight is controlled through peripheral (white adipose tissue) and central (mainly hypothalamus) mechanisms. We have recently obtained evidence that overexpression of interleukin (IL)-7, a critical cytokine involved in lymphopoiesis, can protect against the development of diet-induced obesity in mice. Here we assessed whether IL-7 mediated its effects by modulating hypothalamic function. Acute subcutaneous injection of IL-7 prevented monosodium glutamate-induced obesity, this being correlated with partial protection against cell death in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC). Moreover, we showed that IL-7 activated hypothalamic areas involved in regulation of feeding behavior, as indicated by induction of the activation marker c-Fos in neural cells located in the ventromedial part of the ARC and by inhibition of food intake after fasting. Both chains of the IL-7 receptor (IL-7Ralpha and gamma(c)) were expressed in the ARC and IL-7 injection induced STAT-3 phosphorylation in this area. Finally, we established that IL-7 modulated the expression of neuropeptides that tune food intake, with a stimulatory effect on the expression of pro-opiomelanocortin and an inhibitory effect on agouti-related peptide expression in accordance with IL-7 promoting anorectic effects. These results suggest that the immunomodulatory cytokine IL-7 plays an important and unappreciated role in hypothalamic body weight regulation.
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hal-04481983 , version 1 (28-02-2024)

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Laurence Macia, Odile Viltart, Myriam Delacre, Christelle Sachot, Laurent Héliot, et al.. Interleukin-7, a new cytokine targeting the mouse hypothalamic arcuate nucleus: role in body weight and food intake regulation. PLoS ONE, 2010, PLoS ONE, 5 (4), pp.e9953. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0009953⟩. ⟨hal-04481983⟩
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