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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Assessing the impact of monetary incentives for walking using agent-based mobility simulations and discrete mode choice models

Tarek Chouaki
Sebastian Hörl

Abstract

Sustainable and active urban mobility options, such as walking, represent a significant opportunity for achieving environmentally friendly and healthier transportation in the Paris Region. Despite the well-known benefits of walking on mental and physical health, there is a need to substantiate the potential gains that could be brought by supporting the development of walking as a transport mode in the eyes of public authorities at different governmental levels. Our research aims to analyze and model the potential impacts of economic incentives on walking behavior in the Paris Region. We do so by addressing the research problem of how these strategies can effectively encourage individuals to choose walking as a mode of transportation. Also, we look at how the modal shift would impact the use of Public Transport (PT), walking, bike, and private car. We propose to tackle the topic through a quantitative modeling exercise where the impact of financial incentives for walking is assessed in detail by using agent-based modeling and simulations of 36 different incentive scenarios. In our simulations, travelers' behavior is modeled and considered individually, and a mode choice model is used to approximate real-life user decision-making. Such a model takes into account different components of a trip, such as duration and cost. In this work, a representative simulation of the Île de France area and the underlying mode choice model are extended to test the incentive policies for walking. Various incentive scenarios are studied, and, by integrating the incentives in the mode choice model, we can assess each scenario's impact on user decisions. This study sheds light on potential strategies that decision-makers and other stakeholders in the region's ecosystem could take to achieve multisectoral sustainable goals using economic incentives for walking to encourage more sustainable mobility.
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Dates and versions

hal-04286844 , version 1 (15-11-2023)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-04286844 , version 1

Cite

Tarek Chouaki, Laura Mariana Reyes Madrigal, Sebastian Hörl. Assessing the impact of monetary incentives for walking using agent-based mobility simulations and discrete mode choice models. The 103rd Transportation Research Board (TRB) Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Jan 2024, Washington D.C, United States. ⟨hal-04286844⟩
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