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Book Sections Year : 2023

The Software Heritage Open Science Ecosystem

Abstract

Abstract Software Heritage is the largest public archive of software source code and associated development history, as captured by modern version control systems. As of July 2023, it has archived more than 16 billion unique source code files coming from more than 250 million collaborative development projects. In this chapter, we describe the Software Heritage ecosystem, focusing on research and open science use cases. On the one hand, Software Heritage supports empirical research on software by materializing in a single Merkle direct acyclic graph the development history of public code. This giant graph of source code artifacts (files, directories, and commits) can be used—and has been used—to study repository forks, open source contributors, vulnerability propagation, software provenance tracking, source code indexing, and more. On the other hand, Software Heritage ensures availability and guarantees integrity of the source code of software artifacts used in any field that relies on software to conduct experiments, contributing to making research reproducible. The source code used in scientific experiments can be archived—e.g., via integration with open-access repositories—referenced using persistent identifiers that allow downstream integrity checks and linked to/from other scholarly digital artifacts.
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Dates and versions

hal-04240651 , version 1 (13-10-2023)

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Roberto Di Cosmo, Stefano Zacchiroli. The Software Heritage Open Science Ecosystem. Software Ecosystems, Springer International Publishing, pp.33-61, 2023, ⟨10.1007/978-3-031-36060-2_2⟩. ⟨hal-04240651⟩
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