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L’intelligence distribuée dans les objets : étude de cas sur les pratiques des voyageurs des banlieues à la gare parisienne du Nord

Abstract : The purpose of this dissertation is to validate the hypothesis of the intelligence distributed in objects through a case study on traveler’s behavior while interacting with technical objects within stations and their relationship with the environment. The analysis centered on the notions of the technical object and derived from the ICS field enable to evolve the problematics on the “memory in technical objects”, by articulating the coupling object-travelers-time-space. The reflection carried by this study proposes to consider the technical objects located in stations as federative elements of intelligences issued from multiple communication artifacts in the collection, the productions and the data diffusion phases. Thus, the technical objects would be intelligent thanks to the crystallization of the collective memory (actors and environment). In the same dynamic, we will try to explore the notion of interactivity (exchanges man-engine), usually studied in its tactile aspect (retroaction by touch), in its visual dimension (retroaction by sight), and its auditive dimension (retroaction by hearing).
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 4:20:11 PM
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Rosette Mani Misenga. L’intelligence distribuée dans les objets : étude de cas sur les pratiques des voyageurs des banlieues à la gare parisienne du Nord. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Rennes 2, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020REN20011⟩. ⟨tel-03014879⟩

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