Hydrodynamic cavitation in microsystems. II. Simulations and optical observations - Programme Interdisciplinaire Energie du CNRS Access content directly
Journal Articles Physics of Fluids Year : 2012

Hydrodynamic cavitation in microsystems. II. Simulations and optical observations

Abstract

Numerical calculations in the single liquid phase and optical observations in the two-phase cavitating flow regime have been performed on microdiaphragms and microventuris fed with deionized water. Simulations have confirmed the influence of the shape of the shrinkage upon the contraction of the jet, and so on the localisation of possible cavitating area downstream. Observations of cavitating flow patterns through hybrid silicon-pyrex microdevices have been performed either via a laser excitation with a pulse duration of 6 ns, or with the help of a high-speed camera. Recorded snapshots and movies are presented. Concerning microdiaphragms, it is confirmed that very high shear rates downstream the diaphragms are the cause of bubbly flows. Concerning microventuris, a gaseous cavity forms on a boundary downstream the throat. As a consequence of a microsystem instability, the cavity displays a high frequency pulsation. Low values Strouhal numbers are associated to such a sheet cavitation. Moreover, when the intensity of the cavitating flow is reduced, there is a mismatch between the frequency of the pulsation of the cavity and the frequency of shedded clouds downstream the channel. That may be the consequence of viscous effects limiting the impingement of a re-entrant liquid jet on the attached cavity.
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Dates and versions

hal-00700348 , version 1 (02-06-2020)

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M. Medrano, Christian Pellone, P.J. Zermatten, Frédéric Ayela. Hydrodynamic cavitation in microsystems. II. Simulations and optical observations. Physics of Fluids, 2012, 24 (4), pp.047101. ⟨10.1063/1.3699067⟩. ⟨hal-00700348⟩
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