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Geometric lattice models and irrational conformal field theories

Abstract : In this thesis we study several aspects of two-dimensional lattice models of statistical physics with non-unitary features. This bottom-up approach, starting from discrete lattice models, is helpful to understand the features of the associated conformal field theories. They are non-unitary and often irrational, logarithmic or even non-compact. First, we study the problem of the entanglement entropy in non-unitary spin chains and its interpretation in loop models. We discuss the role of the effective central charge, a relevant quantity to study the next problems in this thesis. We then address two problems related to the Chalker-Coddington model, an infinite-dimensional supersymmetric chain important for the study of the plateau transition in the integer quantum Hall effect. Since the model has an infinite number of degrees of freedom, it has been proposed to study it with a series of truncations. We present new results based on this approach and extend this methodology to the case of Brownian motion in its supersymmetric formulation. Next, a new model is proposed to interpolate between class A and class C. The Chalker-Coddington model is a particular realisation of class A whereas class C, describing the physics of the spin quantum Hall effect, can be related to a model of percolation. This interpolating model provides an example of a RG-flow between a non-compact CFT and compact one. The last part of this thesis deals with the problem of classifying observables in lattice models with discrete symmetries. The process is illustrated on the Potts model and its symmetry under the group of permutations and previous results are extended for non-scalar operators. This approach is important to study indecomposability of non-unitary models and can be used to study models such as percolation in higher dimensions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 10:39:08 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02569051, version 2


Romain Couvreur. Geometric lattice models and irrational conformal field theories. Mathematical Physics [math-ph]. Sorbonne Université, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SORUS062⟩. ⟨tel-02569051v2⟩



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