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Journal Articles Journal of Fluid Mechanics Year : 2023

Direct numerical simulations of turbulent jets: vortex-interface-surfactant interactions

Abstract

We study the effect of insoluble surfactants on the spatio-temporal evolution of turbulent jets. We use three-dimensional numerical simulations and employ an interfacetracking/level-set method that accounts for surfactant-induced Marangoni stresses. The present study builds on our previous work (Constante-Amores et al., 2021, J. Fluid Mech., 922, A6) in which we examined in detail the vortex-surface interaction in the absence of surfactants. Numerical solutions are obtained for a wide range of Weber and elasticity numbers in which vorticity production is generated by surface deformation and surfactantinduced Marangoni stresses. The present work demonstrates, for the first time, the crucial role of Marangoni stresses, brought about by surfactant concentration gradients, in the formation of coherent, hairpin-like vortex structures. These structures have a profound influence on the development of the three-dimensional interfacial dynamics. We also present theoretical expressions for the mechanisms that influence the rate of production of circulation in the presence of surfactants for a general, three-dimensional, two-phase flow and highlight the dominant contribution surfactant-induced Marangoni stresses.
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Dates and versions

hal-03808070 , version 1 (10-10-2022)
hal-03808070 , version 2 (24-01-2023)

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C.R. Constante-Amores, T. Abadie, L. Kahouadji, S. Shin, J. Chergui, et al.. Direct numerical simulations of turbulent jets: vortex-interface-surfactant interactions. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2023, 955, pp.A42. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2022.1056⟩. ⟨hal-03808070v2⟩
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