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Journal Articles PLoS Computational Biology Year : 2023

Deep convolutional and conditional neural networks for large-scale genomic data generation

Abstract

Applications of generative models for genomic data have gained significant momentum in the past few years, with scopes ranging from data characterization to generation of genomic segments and functional sequences. In our previous study, we demonstrated that generative adversarial networks (GANs) and restricted Boltzmann machines (RBMs) can be used to create novel high-quality artificial genomes (AGs) which can preserve the complex characteristics of real genomes such as population structure, linkage disequilibrium and selection signals. However, a major drawback of these models is scalability, since the large feature space of genome-wide data increases computational complexity vastly. To address this issue, we implemented a novel convolutional Wasserstein GAN (WGAN) model along with a novel conditional RBM (CRBM) framework for generating AGs with high SNP number. These networks implicitly learn the varying landscape of haplotypic structure in order to capture complex correlation patterns along the genome and generate a wide diversity of plausible haplotypes. We performed comparative analyses to assess both the quality of these generated haplotypes and the amount of possible privacy leakage from the training data. Significance As the importance of genetic privacy becomes more prevalent, the need for effective privacy protection measures for genomic data increases. We used generative neural networks to create large artificial genome segments which possess many characteristics of real genomes without substantial privacy leakage from the training dataset. In the near future with further improvements in haplotype quality and privacy preservation, large-scale artificial genome databases can be assembled to provide easily accessible surrogates of real databases, allowing researchers to conduct studies with diverse genomic data within a safe ethical framework in terms of donor privacy.
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hal-04244818 , version 1 (19-10-2023)

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Burak Yelmen, Aurélien Decelle, Leila Lea Boulos, Antoine Szatkownik, Cyril Furtlehner, et al.. Deep convolutional and conditional neural networks for large-scale genomic data generation. PLoS Computational Biology, 2023, 19 (10), pp.e1011584. ⟨10.1101/2023.03.07.530442⟩. ⟨hal-04244818⟩
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