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La Comparaison : une catégorie linguistique multiforme

Abstract : This article illustrates the variety of forms corresponding to the linguistic category of comparison, considered within the frame of general linguistics. The first section is a brief reminder of the basic linguistic concepts necessary to describe comparative utterances in any language. The second section is devoted to the various ways of expressing equality and inequality (i.e. quantitative comparison) in French: numerous constructions are available alongside the canonical ‘grammaticalized’ structure Pierre est aussi/plus grand que Paul. These constructions (generally ignored by grammar books) turn out to draw material from the various conceptual sources typologists have shown to be used by languages in the world in order to express (in)equality. The third section deals with a specific type of qualitative comparison, named ‘valuation’, expressed in French by constructions such as valoir mieux que, aimer mieux que, préférer (plutôt) que. Although apparently similar to the canonical structure of inequality, such constructions are shown not to be describable in quantitative terms.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 7, 2020 - 4:29:50 PM
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Catherine Fuchs. La Comparaison : une catégorie linguistique multiforme. Colloque international d’études francophones « Comparaison(s) »,, Oct 2019, Timisoara, Roumanie. ⟨hal-03044077⟩



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