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Cortical sensorimotor activity in the execution and suppression of discrete and rhythmic movements

Abstract : Although the engagement of sensorimotor cortices in movement is well documented, the functional relevance of brain activity patterns remains ambiguous. Especially, the cortical engagement specific to the pre-, within-, and post-movement periods is poorly understood. The present study addressed this issue by examining sensorimotor EEG activity during the performance as well as STOP-signal cued suppression of movements pertaining to two distinct classes, namely, discrete vs. ongoing rhythmic movements. Our findings indicate that the lateralized readiness potential (LRP), which is classically used as a marker of pre-movement processing, indexes multiple pre- and in- movement-related brain dynamics in a movement-class dependent fashion. In- and post-movement event-related (de)synchronization (ERD/ERS) observed in the Mu (8–13 Hz) and Beta (15–30 Hz) frequency ranges were associated with estimated brain sources in both motor and somatosensory cortical areas. Notwithstanding, Beta ERS occurred earlier following cancelled than actually performed movements. In contrast, Mu power did not vary. Whereas Beta power may reflect the evaluation of the sensory predicted outcome, Mu power might engage in linking perception to action. Additionally, the rhythmic movement forced stop (only) showed a post-movement Mu/Beta rebound, which might reflect an active "clearing-out" of the motor plan and its feedback-based online control. Overall, the present study supports the notion that sensorimotor EEG modulations are key markers to investigate control or executive processes, here initiation and inhibition, which are exerted when performing distinct movement classes.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03448514
Contributor : Raoul Huys Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, November 27, 2021 - 4:46:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:04:24 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, February 28, 2022 - 6:27:01 PM

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Mario Hervault, Pier-Giorgio Zanone, Jean-Christophe Buisson, Raoul Huys. Cortical sensorimotor activity in the execution and suppression of discrete and rhythmic movements. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), pp.Article number: 22364. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-01368-2⟩. ⟨hal-03448514⟩

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