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Abstract : Defended in 2001, this Phd-thesis focuses on a specific generation of german elites, who were too young to experience the Mass-death in the Great War but were aimed by a specific rhetoric of legitimation of the war. This children’s specific War culture instilled new patterns of thought in an entire generation, and led them to conceive the aftermath of the War as a continuation of it. The radicalization of the young students and collegians they were immediately after the war is result of the internalization of this social interpretation of war’s experience, and the conclusion of their militant itinerary in the “entrance in Nazism” can be interpreted as an witness of the attractivity of Nazi’s racial fundamentalism, as its typical skill to transform a new kind of collective anguish in a pursuit of Millenium. Militant of the SS the SS in which they entered between 1933 et 1937, these students, mostly historians, jurists, geographers and linguists carried out a police task, as well as the one of ideological experts. Organic intellectuals (Gramsci) in the SS, they also conformed themselves to the model of the activist, so that they could embody the nazi version of the “New man”… At the eve of the war, they were called in the East as leaders of paramilitary SS-Groups, the Einsatzgruppen, which were initially thought to carry out security tasks, such as arrestations, capture of archives and buildings, but also executions of “suspects”. In the USSR, they led the Einsatzgruppen, and inforced the legitimacy of a forthcoming Genocide that they also had to organize . The Phd allowed us to make a comprehensive “history of the Genocidal experience of the perpetrators” (Erfahrungsgeschichte der Täter), and to emphasize, that despite the process of adaptation of the perpetrators which described Christopher Browning, most of the perpetrators came back from the east with a “trauma of the inflicted violence”. Most of these men were taken prisoner after the war. They had to response of their crimes in front of judicial courts. They developed exoneration’s strategies, and most of them managed to escape from the death penalty but the majority of these men stood some years in imprisonment, thanks to the action of a young generation of jurists, who carried out a systematical task of Inquiry of the nazi crime after 1955.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 11, 2021 - 10:20:51 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:05:33 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03101839, version 1


Christian Ingrao. LES INTELLECTUELS SS DU SD 1900—1945. Histoire. Université de PIcardie Jules Vernes Amiens, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-03101839⟩



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