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Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) regulates DNA replication origin firing and interacts with Rif1 in Xenopus

Abstract : The activation of eukaryotic DNA replication origins needs to be strictly controlled at multiple steps in order to faithfully duplicate the genome and to maintain its stability. How the checkpoint recovery and adaptation protein Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) regulates the firing of replication origins during nonchallenged S phase remained an open question. Using DNA fiber analysis, we show that immunodepletion of Plk1 in the Xenopus in vitro system decreases replication fork density and initiation frequency. Numerical analyses suggest that Plk1 reduces the overall probability and synchrony of origin firing. We used quantitative chromatin proteomics and coimmunoprecipitations to demonstrate that Plk1 interacts with firing factors MTBP/Treslin/TopBP1 as well as with Rif1, a known regulator of replication timing. Phosphopeptide analysis by LC/MS/MS shows that the C-terminal domain of Rif1, which is necessary for its repressive action on origins through protein phosphatase 1 (PP1), can be phosphorylated in vitro by Plk1 on S2058 in its PP1 binding site. The phosphomimetic S2058D mutant interrupts the Rif1-PP1 interaction and modulates DNA replication. Collectively, our study provides molecular insights into how Plk1 regulates the spatio-temporal replication program and suggests that Plk1 controls origin activation at the level of large chromatin domains in vertebrates.
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Contributor : Olivier Haccard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 9:48:00 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:39:54 AM


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Diletta Ciardo, Olivier Haccard, Hemalatha Narassimprakash, David Cornu, Ida Guerrera, et al.. Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) regulates DNA replication origin firing and interacts with Rif1 in Xenopus. Nucleic Acids Research, Oxford University Press, 2021, ⟨10.1093/nar/gkab756⟩. ⟨hal-03331737⟩



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