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How helpful are social networks in finding a job along the economic cycle? Evidence from immigrants in France

Abstract : Around 50% of individuals obtain or hear about jobs through social networks. This hiring trend may become problematic when the labor market is tight and people need less social contacts to find a job. Using a one-period static model where network members may receive job offers directly from the firm or indirectly through employed members in the network we show that the share of new hires finding a job through social connections (ie network matching rate) decreases with the job finding rate. Using French data for the period 2003-2012, we test this prediction with immigrants, a population subgroup for whom networks play a major role in occupational decisions. We propose two network matching rate indicators, one based on direct recommendations and another one internalizing the positive externality on the employment probability induced by peers. We find a decreasing relationship between the network matching rate and the job finding rate. Social connections are less helpful for finding jobs during economic expansions.
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Soumis le : lundi 8 février 2021 - 18:19:31
Dernière modification le : mardi 30 mars 2021 - 12:26:12

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - Pas de modification 4.0 International License

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Eva Moreno Galbis, Francois-Charles Wolff, Arnaud Herault. How helpful are social networks in finding a job along the economic cycle? Evidence from immigrants in France. Economic Modelling, Elsevier, 2020, 91, pp.12-32. ⟨10.1016/j.econmod.2020.05.017⟩. ⟨hal-02944389⟩

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