Molecular underpinnings and environmental drivers of loss of heterozygosity in Drosophila intestinal stem cells - Bio-informatique (CBIO) Access content directly
Journal Articles Cell Reports Year : 2023

Molecular underpinnings and environmental drivers of loss of heterozygosity in Drosophila intestinal stem cells

Abstract

During development and aging, genome mutation leading to loss of heterozygosity (LOH) can uncover recessive phenotypes within tissue compartments. This phenomenon occurs in normal human tissues and is prevalent in pathological genetic conditions and cancers. While studies in yeast have defined DNA repair mechanisms that can promote LOH, the predominant pathways and environmental triggers in somatic tissues of multicellular organisms are not well understood. Here, we investigate mechanisms underlying LOH in intestinal stem cells in Drosophila. Infection with the pathogenic bacteria, Erwinia carotovora carotovora 15, but not Pseudomonas entomophila, increases LOH frequency. Using whole genome sequencing of somatic LOH events, we demonstrate that they arise primarily via mitotic recombination. Molecular features and genetic evidence argue against a break-induced replication mechanism and instead support cross-over via double Holliday junction-based repair. This study provides a mechanistic understanding of mitotic recombination, an important mediator of LOH, and its effects on stem cells in vivo.
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hal-04466714 , version 1 (19-02-2024)

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Lara Al Zouabi, Marine Stefanutti, Spyridon Roumeliotis, Gwenn Le Meur, Benjamin Boumard, et al.. Molecular underpinnings and environmental drivers of loss of heterozygosity in Drosophila intestinal stem cells. Cell Reports, 2023, 42 (12), pp.113485. ⟨10.1016/j.celrep.2023.113485⟩. ⟨hal-04466714⟩
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