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Applications of Human Amniotic Membrane for Tissue Engineering

Abstract : An important component of tissue engineering (TE) is the supporting matrix upon which cells and tissues grow, also known as the scaffold. Scaffolds must easily integrate with host tissue and provide an excellent environment for cell growth and differentiation. Human amniotic membrane (hAM) is considered as a surgical waste without ethical issue, so it is a highly abundant, cost-effective, and readily available biomaterial. It has biocompatibility, low immunogenicity, adequate mechanical properties (permeability, stability, elasticity, flexibility, resorbability), and good cell adhesion. It exerts anti-inflammatory, antifibrotic, and antimutagenic properties and pain-relieving effects. It is also a source of growth factors, cytokines, and hAM cells with stem cell properties. This important source for scaffolding material has been widely studied and used in various areas of tissue repair: corneal repair, chronic wound treatment, genital reconstruction, tendon repair, microvascular reconstruction, nerve repair, and intraoral reconstruction. Depending on the targeted application, hAM has been used as a simple scaffold or seeded with various types of cells that are able to grow and differentiate. Thus, this natural biomaterial offers a wide range of applications in TE applications. Here, we review hAM properties as a biocompatible and degradable scaffold. Its use strategies (i.e., alone or combined with cells, cell seeding) and its degradation rate are also presented.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03479915
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 3:13:04 PM
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Mathilde Fénelon, Sylvain Catros, Christophe Meyer, Jean-Christophe Fricain, Laurent Obert, et al.. Applications of Human Amniotic Membrane for Tissue Engineering. Membranes, MDPI, 2021, 11 (6), pp.387. ⟨10.3390/membranes11060387⟩. ⟨hal-03479915⟩

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