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Les Bergers de Pétrarque et Boccace

Abstract : During the Trecento, Petrarca and Boccaccio wrote pastoral poetry collections, called by the same name of Bucolicum carmen (Buccolicum carmen for Boccaccio), inspired by Virgil’s Eclogues. In the Early Modern context, the character of the shepherd can not only have political meanings, but also theological and aesthetical ones. In the pastoral world, the king-shepherd is a powerful figure, who owns a large range of livestock and has the ability of unifying the country, whom model is, for Petrarca as well as for Boccaccio, Robert of Anjou, king of Naples. Using the same biblical source, christianism particularly makes use of the metaphor of the good shepherd, who leads and protects the herd of the believers, so the transposition in the eclogues seems obvious, even if it appears in a litterature dedicated to pagan gods. Last but not least, the first poet is, according to ancient mythology, a shepherd, Orpheus or Apollo, so the pastoral world can be seen as a litterary place, especially for the ones who recognize themselves in the antique tradition. Such models, hidden behind common shephers, are the focus of Petrarca’s and Boccaccio’s eclogues.
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Claire Chauvin. Les Bergers de Pétrarque et Boccace. Acta Litt&Arts [En ligne], Grenoble: Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. ⟨hal-02672946⟩



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